THA Board of Directors


Alan Foreman

THA Chairman/CEO

Alan Foreman is widely recognized as one of American racing’s most influential individuals. For more than 35 years, Foreman has devoted his legal practice and energies towards protecting and defending the best interests of horsemen and the betterment of the racing industry in North America. A 1972 graduate of American University with honors and a 1975 graduate of the University Baltimore School of Law, he was a former Maryland Assistant Attorney General and counsel to the Maryland Racing Commission. Foreman is well-known for his representation of the Maryland Stewards in the infamous 1980 Preakness Stakes controversy involving Genuine Risk and Codex. He was a partner in the major Baltimore law firm Weinberg and Green (now Saul Ewing) before establishing his own law firm in 1991. Foreman is counsel to many racing industry and equine organizations. In addition to his law practice, he was the THA’s first Executive Director and now serves as its Chairman and Chief Executive Officer. Foreman is the longest serving director of the National Thoroughbred Racing Association and Vice-Chairman of the Racing Medication and Testing Consortium.  He is a frequent lecturer and has authored numerous articles. In 2012 New York Governor Andrew Cuomo appointed Foreman to the New York Task Force on Racehorse Health and Safety. He co-authored its widely acclaimed Report, and its safety and welfare recommendations are being implemented in racing jurisdictions throughout North America. In 2014, he was appointed by Governor Cuomo to serve on a New York Task Force on Jockey Health and Safety. Foreman is a lifelong Maryland resident and lives in Pikesville, Maryland, with his wife, Randi. They have three sons.


Richard Violette Jr.

THA Director Emeritus

Rick Violette Jr., a successful Thoroughbred trainer and President of the New York Thoroughbred Horsemen’s Association since 2008, got his start in the equine industry showing hunters and jumpers on the East Coast circuit. He also galloped racehorses part time before opting to make a career at the racetrack. A graduate of Lowell University in his native Massachusetts, Violette began working on the backstretch at Suffolk Downs. He was assistant trainer to Emile Allain at Woodbine for two years before moving to New York to take the job as assistant to David Whiteley. He started his own public stable in 1983. Top horses developed by Violette include graded-stakes winners Citadeed, Coosaragga, Dream Rush, Diversify, Free of Love, Gitchee Goomie, High Finance, Man from Wicklow, March Magic, Marquette, Miss Huff n’ Puff, Must Be War, Nijinsky’s Gold, One and Twenty, Outperformance, Read the Footnotes, Samraat, Savedbythelight, Spurious Precision, Summer Doldroms, Upon My Soul, Upstart and Worstcasescenario. Violette for two decades served as President of NYTHA and the THA and has held the post as chairman of the New York Jockey Injury Compensation Fund for more than a decade. He was widely recognized for his work in leading NYTHA through the bankruptcy and reorganization of NYRA; negotiating the horsemen’s share of VLT revenues and backstretch improvements at the NYRA tracks; the reorganization and strengthening of the Backstretch Employee Service Team; and acquiring state of the art equipment for the New York Drug Testing and Research Program. Violette was also a staunch advocate of equine welfare and safety, and founded the TAKE2 Second Career Thoroughbred Program and TAKE THE LEAD Thoroughbred Retirement Program.

Joseph Appelbaum

THA President, NYTHA President

Joseph Appelbaum, a longtime Thoroughbred owner and breeder, was elected President of the New York Thoroughbred Horsemen’s Association in the fall of 2017 and President of the Thoroughbred Horsemen’s Association in March 2018. He took over in both positions from Rick Violette Jr., who retired from the NYTHA Board of Directors but remains with the THA as Director Emeritus. Appelbaum, an avid handicapper who won the Breeders’ Cup Betting Challenge at Santa Anita Park in 2016, became an owner when he claimed a horse, and later joined forces with Carlos Morales to launch Off The Hook, a breeding, pinhooking, auction and racing operation with a farm in Ocala, Fla. Off The Hook also keeps mares in New York. Appelbaum, in his first winter as president of NYTHA, helped coordinate assistance for backstretch workers during two power outages at Belmont Park, and as President of the THA said he will work to build coalitions that will move the Thoroughbred industry forward.


Salvatore M. DeBunda

THA Vice President, PTHA President

Sal DeBunda, born in Philadelphia, is a major Thoroughbred horse owner and breeder in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. The President of the Pennsylvania Thoroughbred Horsemen’s Association at Parx, he is also a member of the Board of Directors and President of the Longport Seaview Condo Association, and a member of the Board of Directors and Chairman of the Philly Pops. An attorney at Archer & Greiner with more than 40 years’ experience, he represents many of the firm’s corporate, healthcare and media clients, as well as, significant private and family-owned companies, non-profit organizations, and certain horse ownership, racing interest and trade associations. As counsel for the Pennsylvania Thoroughbred Horsemen’s Association, DeBunda was the primary drafter of the horsemen’s sections of the Pennsylvania Slot Bill, signed in July, 2004. He founded the television show called, “Let’s Go Racing” in 1992, and is currently Executive Producer of the program, which appears weekly on Comcast Sportsnet, a cable television channel serving the Delaware Valley Region.


David G. Richardson

THA Vice President, MTHA Executive Director

Possessing the rare combination of vigorous exuberance and energy and a wealth of thoroughbred racing-related professional experience, Richardson became MTHA’s Executive Director in 2011.

Richardson’s background centers around advertising, marketing and creative design. He served as partner for 16 years at David Hayden Advertising in Upperco, Maryland servicing numerous national racing-related clients such as Northview Stallion Station, Turfway Park, Maryland Million and NTRA, among many others.

In addition, Richardson served as the Marketing Director for the highly successful MATCH Thoroughbred Championship Series, whose innovative marketing campaigns received many industry accolades. Richardson’s modern thinking and progressive approach to problem solving is coupled with a wealth of legislative experience as well, having served multiple terms as an elected municipal councilman in Maryland and a past Secretary / Treasurer of the Maryland Municipal League.

Richardson’s impact on Maryland racing has been significant in his tenure with MTHA. Major accomplishments include the creation from scratch of the industry-renowened Horsemen’s Health System, the development of the Beyond The Wire Throughbred aftercare program, the establishment of one of the state of Maryland’s most powerful and influential Political Action Committees, vast backstretch community improvements, improved relations with industry partners, a top-to-bottom overhaul and modernization of the MTHA, and producing one of the best communications efforts in the racing industry.

Along with his wife Nicole, who serves as the Director of Finance for the Maryland Horse Breeders’ Association, Richardson is the owner/operator of Greenmount Bowl, a very successful community duckpin and tenpin bowling alley in Hampstead, MD. Richardson also founded Greenmount OTB which is located next door to the bowling center which was authorized by the Maryland General Assembly to apply for a bricks and motor sports betting license in late 2021.


Bessie Gruwell

THA Secretary, DTHA Executive Director

Bessie Gruwell was born into the racing industry and obtained her trainer’s license at the age of 18. She began training horses full-time when her father Tom Lovelace passed away suddenly in 1983. Gruwell ran a successful racing stable for 22 years, winning nearly 400 races in the Mid-Atlantic region.  Gruwell served as President of the DTHA from 1998 until 2005, when she accepted the position of Executive Director.

Will Alempijevic

NYTHA Executive Director

Will Alempijevic was named Executive Director of the NYTHA in February of 2020. A member of the New York Racing Association team since November of 2015, Alempijevic was the Director of Business Development before being promoted to Director of Guest Services. He most recently was named Director of Racing Analytics, where he focused on horse safety and welfare initiatives, as well as compiling and analyzing racing office data to help inform the department’s business decisions. Prior to coming to New York, Alempijevic was with Portland Meadows racetrack in Portland, Oregon, for nine years, starting as Director of Wagering and Guest Services and working his way up to General Manager in January of 2008, a position he held for more than seven years. Alempijevic, a graduate of Canada’s Wilfrid Laurier University in Ontario with a degree in economics with financial management, started his racing career as OTB Guest Services Manager at Flamboro Downs, a harness track in Ontario, and also worked at Western Fair Raceway before making the switch to Thoroughbred racing. In addition to his experience on the frontside of the racetrack, Alempijevic has owned race horses since 2004, and is currently licensed as a Standardbred owner in New York. Primarily involved in harness racing, he has owned two Thoroughbreds as well and celebrated a win at Del Mar with trainer Bill Spawr. His stable currently consists of two harness horses based in Ontario. Alempijevic also serves on the Board of the Backstretch Employee Service Team.


Michael P. Ballezi

PTHA Executive Director

Michael Ballezzi, a graduate of Rutgers University with a law degree from Widener Law School, has been an attorney since 1976, but he became involved in racing even before he passed the bar. Ballezzi trained a stable of horses from 1973 to 1977, and has owned horses for more than four decades. He joined the PTHA as Executive Director in 1996. The 2008 PTHA Man of the Year, Ballezzi was inducted into the Parx Hall of Fame in 2014.


Michael B. Campbell

THA Treasurer, ITHA President

Michael Campbell is a third-generation horseman who grew up on the backstretches of the leaky roof circuit. He was a jockey for three years following college and, after suffering an injury, became a trainer. He trains throughout the Midwest and South and has won more than 800 races, multiple graded stakes among them. Since 2010, he has served Illinois owners and trainers as President of the Illinois Thoroughbred Horsemen’s Association. The ITHA during his tenure has intensified its advocacy before the Illinois Racing Board and at the Illinois Capitol, while professionalizing the ITHA’s benevolence services for horsemen and backstretch workers and growing the scope of its Galloping Out horse re-homing program. Campbell and his wife Jan have two sons, Jesse and Joel, and both are accomplished jockeys.


John Forbes

NJTHA President

John Forbes comes from a racing family. Both his parents trained horses, and his mother, Nancy Shakespeare Forbes, was the third woman ever to earn a trainer’s license in the U.S.  At 24, Forbes went to work for John Tammaro Sr. in Maryland.  Three years later, he captured his first race with Town House, a 5-year-old maiden, at Lincoln Downs in Rhode Island. In 1995, he formed a limited partnership that raised $1.95 million to purchase yearlings and race them through 1998. Among those purchased was graded stakes winner Tale of the Cat, who later sold for $11.7 million. Forbes has been Monmouth’s leading trainer on five occasions and is the all-time winningest trainer in Meadowlands history.  He has won more than 2,100 races in his career. The 2006 recipient of the Buddy Raines Distinguished Achievement Award, Forbes has served as president of the New Jersey Thoroughbred Horsemen’s Association since 2010.


Timothy L. Keefe

MTHA President

Tim Keefe, one of Maryland’s most successful trainers, has been a member of the MTHA board since 2005. He launched his training career in 1993 and has conditioned the stakes winners Eighttofasttocatch, Celtic Innis, Red’s Round Table, Frisky Thunder, Anarex and Goferitstutz. He trains 35 horses at Laurel Park for a dozen different owners. Keefe grew up in Silver Spring and was involved with horses from an early age. An A-rated rider in Pony Club, he had an after-school job at a riding stable at age 13, and at 18 he went to work as an exercise rider for the late trainer Jack Mobberley. Keefe also rode in amateur flat races for the trainer Janet Elliot and helped prepare young race horses for Billy Gilbert, now his father-in-law. In 1987, Keefe became one of the first beneficiaries of the Maryland Thoroughbred Scholarship Fund. He graduated from the University of Maryland with a degree in business. Keefe and his wife, Rumsey, an accomplished three-day-event rider, have four children: Ryan, Colby, Liam and Carlin. They own the 27-acre Avalon Farm in Montgomery County. An accomplished triathlete, Keefe serves as president of the Maryland Horsemen’s Assistance Fund and vice president of Maryland Million Ltd. and is chairman of the MTHA’s Health and Welfare Committee.


David McCaffrey

ITHA Executive Director

David McCaffrey is a horseman with extensive experience directing lobbying efforts, managing public messaging, negotiating contracts with tracks and otherwise advocating for Illinois horsemen. He was named ITHA executive director in 2016. McCaffrey first became involved in Illinois racing at the former Quad City Downs track when he was a teenager growing up in nearby Davenport, Iowa. He studied business at the University of St. Thomas in Minnesota, and worked at the track when he returned home for summer. After graduating from St. Thomas, he studied equine racing management at the State University of New York in Morrisville. McCaffrey has been a standardbred trainer and owner for the last 25 years and is widely recognized as a stalwart of Illinois racing. He served nearly two decades in leadership roles with the Illinois Harness Horsemen’s Association; he was elected director in 1997, vice president in 2000, and president in 2008. He has more than 1,800 wins as a harness trainer and, in 2015, was inducted into the Illinois Harness Racing Hall of Fame.


Michael Musto

NJTHA Executive Director

Mike Musto was born and raised in West Long Branch, New Jersey, a mile away from Monmouth Park.  His passion for the racing industry was ingrained when he began working with his father, assisting in the running of four tack shops at Monmouth Park, Atlantic City, Garden State and Meadowlands. In 1979, he secured a position as the Assistant Bookkeeper at Meadowlands and in 1985 became the Horsemen’s Bookkeeper at Garden State Park.  Two years later, Musto was hired by Sam Fieramosca as an assistant to the then New Jersey HBPA, a position he held until Fieramosca’s retirement in October 1999. He was promoted to Executive Director of the NJTHA at that time. During his tenure as the Executive Director, Musto has been instrumental in developing and overseeing one of the industry’s only worker’s compensation program covering all backstretch stable employees as well as jockeys, and he continues to maintain horsemen’s programs and services such as a medical, benevolence, appreciation events and other backstretch services to assist the hard-working men and women in the racing industry.


Scott Peck

DTHA President

Scott Peck has been an owner/trainer since 1985 and has continuously stabled his horses at Delaware Park since then. He is a long-time Delaware resident and owns a farm in Harbeson, where his retired racehorses reside. Peck has lived and worked in Lewes, Del., with a demanding career as a Ship Pilot on the Delaware River and C&D Canal. Peck had previously served on the DTHA Board of Directors from 1995-2010 and as President from 2005-2010. He was re-elected as President in September 2016 and with his previous experiences is committed to navigate through what our industry is facing in the future.